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皮膚敏感症狀1,2
蕁麻疹
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俗稱風癩,是一種突發性皮膚過敏反應。皮膚會呈淡紅色。蕁麻疹可引致痕癢或刺痛。疹狀大小不一,可以在身體任何部位出現,甚至可能會相連成紅腫的片狀,輕則持續數小時,重則數天後方會消退。

蕁麻疹的成因3,5

蕁麻疹乃皮膚中的肥大細胞釋放組織胺和其他化學物質所致,誘因眾多。

患者可透過不同測試找出致病原因,惟真正成因一般難以確認。

常見誘因:
治療4

確定及避開誘因乃最佳治療,惟難以找出誘因。

 

治敏速可有效紓緩痕癢及皮疹,患者需要在蕁麻疹消退前持續服用6

 

 

參考資料:

  1. Hives: Overview. American Academy of Dermatology. Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hives-overview. Last accessed 21 Feb 2020.
  2. Hives: Signs and Symptoms. American Academy of Dermatology. Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hives-symptoms. Last accessed 21 Feb 2020.
  3. Hives: Causes. American Academy of Dermatology. Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hives-causes. Last accessed 21 Feb 2020.
  4. Hives: Diagnosis and Treatment. American Academy of Dermatology. Available at: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hives-treatment. Last accessed 21 Feb 2020.
  5. Mastocytosis: What It Is and How It's Diagnosed and Treated. American Family Physician. Available at: https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3059.html. Last accessed 21 Feb 2020.
  6. Zyrtec Hong Kong prescribing information, HK082018 (NCDS05/eMC20180627)